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“Is Anybody Listening?”*

Will Justice Department’s policy on cooperation change corporate attitudes?

With a nod to pop music, veteran John Byrne’s blog scans the anti-laundering and anti-terrorism world. John pierces silliness and inconsistency, and strongly believes in private-public partnership. With a nod to pop music, veteran John Byrne’s blog scans the anti-laundering and anti-terrorism world. John pierces silliness and inconsistency, and strongly believes in private-public partnership.

In the past I have discussed the government’s view on the private sector’s ongoing need for “tone at the top” and the somewhat hard-to-reach goal of achieving a “culture of compliance.”

There seems to be a sincere consensus in our AML community that boards of directors, senior managers, and lines of business executives have ample room for improvement in overseeing and supporting the need for strong AML programs.

So any time there are enforcement actions, policy pronouncements, or “political” speeches, one wonders …

“Is anybody listening?”

Last week, after many “previews”­—interesting to see how agencies will sprinkle ideas, themes, or potential guidance in speeches to test reaction—the Department of Justice released a new policy on “Individual Accountability for Corporate Wrongdoing.”

With pressure from policy makers and commentators, the Justice Department indicates that this policy is responding to previous criticism. It is designed to change corporate behavior and hold accountable “high level executives, who are often insulated from day-to-day activity in which the misconduct occurs.” (See the recent speech by Deputy Attorney General Sally Quillian Yates

So how best to communicate this change, whether we consider it dramatic or not?

(By the way, just saw a law firm’s analysis of this policy but with a hyperbolic headline—hardly a way to get management attention, in my humble opinion.)

Is anybody listening?

The AML community is well aware of the major enforcement actions that considered and accepted (or rejected) the cooperation of the institution during a case.

I have recently read several legal articles where the authors seek to “defend” recalcitrant parties in an action who hold back potential evidence in a corporate prosecution, claiming the hindrance of foreign data privacy laws. I will leave that very real debate for others.

But I will caution readers of the new DOJ prosecution policy to better frame the issue of what constitutes “cooperation” for their senior managers and others.

Several years ago, at a previous job, I recall proposing to my manager that we create a section devoted to issues and themes from court cases to assist financial institutions in both communicating the outcomes of note and potentially reviewing to determine if policies should change.

The recommendation was met with a blank stare. But I still think it was the right thing to do.

Is anybody listening?

So what does the DOJ policy now require and how is the AML community impacted?

The major change is how a corporation gets credit for cooperation. The Justice Department has made clear that there will be no credit for cooperation in criminal or civil cases unless the corporation gives up all individuals involved in the wrongdoing “regardless of their position, status or seniority” within the organization.

If the corporation wants credit for cooperation, the Department says it must give up the individuals and investigate and identify the responsible parties. The agencies say this concept may be new for corporations, but it is not a radical concept.

Is anybody listening?

If the Department is to be believed (and no reason not to), individuals will be targeted from the beginning of every investigation, civil or criminal, and the pursuit of the individual is to be handled in tandem with the corporate case.

One clear point made by Justice is that even in civil cases, pursuing individuals will result in judgments that become “part of the wrongdoer’s resumes that will follow them throughout their careers.”

There is also the goal of changing corporate culture and preventing violations being tolerated as just a part of the cost of doing business.

Is anybody listening?

We have focused on the change in personal liability for AML officers in the U.S.

Now is the time to ensure that changes such as those being announced by the Department of Justice are understood enterprise-wide. Perhaps it will take criminal charges against a head of a line of business that ignored communications by the compliance department …

Is anybody listening?

* The group Genesis from 1981 with a song entitled “No Reply at All.” The refrain is what most remember about that song. I hope that is not the response to this blog …

John Byrne

John Byrne is Senior Advisor to the Advisory Board  of the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists and Vice-Chairman of AML RightSource. ACAMS, with more than 70,000 members, develops anti-money laundering/sanctions/financial crime detection programs and certifies specialists in financial and non-financial businesses and government agencies. Byrne is a nationally known regulatory and legislative attorney with over 30 years of experience in a vast array of financial services issues, with particular expertise in all aspects of regulatory oversight, policy and management, anti-money laundering (AML), privacy, and consumer compliance. He has written hundreds of articles on AML; represented the banking industry in this area before Congress, state legislatures, and international bodies such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF); and appeared on CNN, Good Morning America, the Today Show, and many other media outlets. Byrne has received a number of awards, including the Director's Medal for Exceptional Service from the Treasury Department's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) and the ABA's Distinguished Service Award for his career work in the compliance field. His podcast, "AML Now" (on ITunes) received a 2017 Communicator Award for hosting from the Academy of Interactive and Visual Arts. Byrne's blog on AML and Fraud on received a Gold Hermes Award in 2016. John received the ACAMS Lifetime Service Award in September. Byrne can be e-mailed at [email protected]; and don't miss John's updates on Twitter! You can find him at @jbacams2011

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